Although the first Spanish contact with the Acoma was in 1539 by Fray Marcos de Niza, the first significant interaction began when Spanish explorer Francisco de Coronado visited in 1540. In a report back to Viceroy Mendoza in 1540, Coronado spoke of his interactions with the people. Coronado says he captures the city for a short time, and forced the people to tell all they knew about the wildlife of the area and where he could find gold. The gold is the real reason Coronado was exploring, for he was in search of the seven cities of Cibola. Unfortunately, the people could not tell him where to find gold, which he believed was because they were trying to hide it from him. He left shortly afterwards with gifts from the Acoma, continuing on his search.

Bolton, Herbert E. Spanish exploration in the Southwest, 1542-1706. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1967.

Coronado, Francisco V. "Coronado's Report to Viceroy Mendoza, Part IV." Digital History, 2012.  http://www.digitalhistory.uh.edu/disp_textbook.cfm?smtID=3&psid=3891; Accessed 14 Feb. 2013.

Forrest, Earle R. Missions and pueblos of the old Southwest: their myths, legends, fiestas, and ceremonies, with some accounts of the Indian tribes and their dances; and of the penitentes. Cleveland: Arthur H. Clarke Co., 1929. Print.

Gibson, Daniel. Pueblos of the Rio Grande: a visitor's guide. Tucson, AZ: Rio Nuevo Publishers, 2001.

Hackett, Charles W., ed. Revolt of the Pueblo Indians of New Mexico and Otermín's attempted reconquest, 1680-1682;. Translated by Charmion Shelby. Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1942.

Hammond, George E., ed. Narratives of the Coronado expedition 1540-1542. New York: Barnes & Noble, 1967.

Hodge, Fredereck W., George P. Hammond, and Agapito Rey, eds. Fray Alonso de Benavides' revised memorial of 1634. Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1945.

Minge, Ward A. Acoma: Pueblo in the Sky. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 1976.

Oñate Juan de. N.p.: New Mexico State Record Center and Archives Accessed February 14, 2013. http://www.newmexicohistory.org/filedetails.php?fileID=312.

Scholes, France V. The missions of New Mexico, 1776; a description, with other contemporary documents. Trans. Eleanor B. Adams and Fray Angelica Chavez. Albuquerque: The University of New Mexico Press, 1956. Print.

Sedgwick, Mary K. Acoma, the sky city; a study in Pueblo-Indian history and civilization,. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1926.

Spicer, Edward H. Cycles of conquest: the impact of Spain, Mexico, and the United States on the Indians of the Southwest, 1533-1960. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1962.

    Evan Neal

    As an architecture major learning more about the religion of the Pueblo people, the Spanish influence on their religious architecture was an interesting avenue to take the research down. The Acoma village has, “the finest and most impressive of the Spanish Colonial Mission churches in New Mexico,” so was a perfect fit for my research.